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A subsidiary of North Kansas City Hospital

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Causes of Hearing Loss

Congenital – Hearing loss present at birth

  • Prematurity
  • Low birth weight
  • Toxemia during pregnancy
  • Birth injuries
  • Mother’s ingestion of drugs and alcohol
  • Genetic, Down syndrome, Usher syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, Alport syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, or Waardenburg syndrome
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Lack of oxygen at birth
  • Maternal infection, rubella, cytomegalovirus, or herpes simplex

Outer Ear

  • Birth Defects
  • Foreign bodies in the ear
  • Ear Wax impaction (Temporary)
  • Injury
  • A growth in the ear canal
  • Infections; swimmer’s ear or bacterial infection which cause the ear to swell shut

Middle Ear

  • Fluid and Ear Infections (common in children) and often temporary
  • Otosclerosis
  • Birth Defects
  • Tumors

Inner Ear

  • Noise Exposure
  • Presbycusis
  • Sudden Deafness
  • Birth Defects
  • Ototoxic Drugs- some antibiotics, cancer treatments
  • Fistula
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Dietary Habits
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Head Injury
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Autoimmune
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Viral infections, measles, meningitis, mumps, chicken pox, flu, encephalitis

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